Introduction of the "14th Five-year Plan" Development Outline of the Textile Industry


At present and in the near future, China is still in a period of important strategic opportunities. However, there are new developments and new changes in opportunities and challenges. To realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation and adapt to profound changes of a kind unseen in a century, China's textile industry must deeply understand the new characteristics and changes of the internal and external environment, and enhance the awareness of opportunities and risks in order to achieve better development.

(A) The basic framework of the "Outline and Guiding Opinions"

The "Outline and Guiding Opinions" is composed of two interrelated parts, that is, the comprehensive outline and special report on science and technology, fashion, and green development. Its contents and logic are closely related to the "Outline for Building a Textile Power (2011-2020)" and the "13th Five-year Development Plan for the Textile Industry". This "Outline and Guiding Opinions" consists of four parts. The first part introduces the development status and external environment, expounding the achievements and main problems existing in the "13th Five-Year Plan" period (2016-2020), analyzes the development situation of the "14th Five-year Plan" period (2021-2025), and forecasts the opportunities and challenges faced by the textile industry. The second part introduces the overall directions and development goals and formulates the "14th Five-year Plan" development goals or indicator system in a qualitatively and quantitatively manner. The third part introduces key tasks and key projects. The fourth part is safeguard measures, which focuses on the industry-specific measures to promote the effective implementation of the "Outline and Guiding Opinions", and put forward the policy demands and suggestions of industries and enterprises to the government during the "14th Five-year Plan" period (2021-2025).

(B) Key directions of the "Outline and Guiding Opinions"

The "Outline and Guiding Opinions" clarifies the position of China's textile industry in the entire national economy during the "14th Five-year Plan" period (2021-2025), namely, the pillar industry for national economic and social development, the basic industry that safeguard people's livelihood and beautify life, and the advantages industry in the field of international cooperation and integrated development. And the "Outline and Guiding Opinions" puts forward the long-term goal of the industry in 2035, that is, when China basically realizes a modern socialist country in 2035, China's textile industry aims to become the main driver of the world's textile technology, an important leader in the global fashion industry, and a powerful promoter of sustainable development. With this as a guide, the "Outline and Guiding Opinions" delivers the key directions for the development of China's textile industry for a period of time in the future.

1. Strengthen the support of scientific and technological innovation, which is the driving force for the development of China's textile industry   

The quality and efficiency of industry development depend on that of technological innovation. Technological innovation is the key to China's textile industry. The industry should break through major bottlenecks and create a powerful engine for industry development.

Breakthroughs in key technologies are the top priority. In an effort to safeguard the independent controllable industrial chain, China's textile industry should promote the intelligent, green, and high-end transformation of technologies. It is necessary to strengthen original innovations and basic research, focusing on the development and innovation of equipment in the field of new fiber materials, green manufacturing, advanced textile product as well as intelligent manufacturing and equipment.

The scientific and technological innovation system is an important guarantee, supporting the textile industry to realize technological breakthroughs and achievement transfers in the industry. During the "14th Five-year Plan" period (2021-2025), China's textile industry will actively promote innovation platforms such as the National Manufacturing Innovation Center, National Enterprise Technology Center, Industry Key Laboratory, Industry Technology Innovation Center, National Enterprise Industrial Design Center, Industrial Technology Innovation Alliance, Alliance for Enterprises, Universities, and Research Institutes Cooperation. Continuously improve the mechanism, promote cross-field cooperation and synergy among industry, university, research institutes.

Building a standard system is an important direction. The scientific, standardized and systematic development of the textile industry is inseparable from a high-quality standard system. It is necessary to improve the building of standards institutions and increase the efforts to formulate and integrate standards. The standards in the fields of new textile fiber materials, functional textiles, intelligent textiles, high-tech technical textiles, and green manufacturing, smart manufacturing, and digital technology should be the key directions.

The innovative vitality of talents is the fundamental focus. The textile industry will accelerate the cultivation of leading talents, professional technical talents and technical skills talents. Develop high-level research-oriented textile disciplines, accumulate basic research talents, and establish scientific and technological innovation teams. Expand the training scale of textile professionals and compound talents, and expand the high-level talent team.

2. Build a high-quality textile manufacturing system, which is the foundation for the growth of the textile industry

The manufacturing system is the center of industrial innovation and value realization. Building a high-quality textile manufacturing system requires not only some breakthroughs and enhancements, but also systematic advancement and improvement. During the "14th Five-year Plan" period (2021-2025), quality and efficiency should be the core to improve the high-end and modern level of the manufacturing system.

Consolidate the foundation to build the advanced industrial foundation. Implement the basic capability improvement project of the textile industry. Improve the level of basic fiber materials, basic components, basic software, basic technologies, and industrial technology foundations. Accelerate the breakthrough of cutting-edge technology gaps in the field of high-performance fibers and composite materials, and promote the research and development of key technologies for bio-based fibers and raw materials and their end-product applications. Develop high-end textile special basic parts and textile equipment. Strengthen the in-depth integration of industrial Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other technologies in the textile industry.

Promote the modernization of the industrial chain. In order to give full play to the complete advantages of the textile industry chain, China's textile industry should strengthen the existed advantages of industrial chain, extend the chain and make up the shortcomings, so as to improve the level of coordinated development of the entire industry chain. Promote the high-end, intelligent, green, servicing, and safety transformation and upgrading of the entire industrial chain. And build an industrial ecosystem that integrates large, medium and small businesses, integrates enterprises, universities and research institutes, and integrates production, supply and marketing. Promote the integration of industrialization with information technology, and develop a new model of service-oriented manufacturing.

Promote high-end manufacturing. Speed up the development and application of high-end equipment and advanced technologies in the entire textile industry chain, and improve the level of advanced manufacturing. Strengthen the fine processing technology of the entire textile industry chain. Use scientific management tools to improve the efficiency of enterprise production management. Strengthen the construction of network infrastructure to accelerate the digital transformation and upgrading of enterprises. Promote the industrial Internet platform system in the textile industry and accelerate the construction of digital and intelligent workshops/smart factories in each sub-sector.

3. The industrial cycle with domestic demand is the strategic base point, which is the focus of industrial development

Safeguard the basic needs of people's livelihood. Strengthen technological innovation, product innovation, and model innovation to meet multi-level consumer demand with diversified product supply. Strengthen quality control and optimize product quality. Create high-quality, multi-functional, and cost-effective product supply to better meet the basic needs of the people.

Cultivate new-type consumption in the textile industry. Conform to the general trend of consumption upgrading, and guide the textile industry to form digital consumption, green consumption, experience consumption and service consumption. Strengthen publicity and guidance to promote sustainable fashion and responsible consumption.

Expand the industrial application. Promote the optimization and upgrading of product structure to achieve better production, life and ecology. China's technical textile industry will improve the material innovation, manufacturing upgrading and product development levels, promoting the application in key areas such as health & hygiene, environmental protection, transportation, geotextiles, safety protection and agriculture. Deepen civilian-military integration and develop related technologies and products.

4. Improve the level of international development, which is the positioning of the textile industry

Only by fully integrating into the world can it become a world-class industry. China's textile industry must follow the trend of globalization and use an ever more open pattern to shape new advantages in international cooperation and competition.

Build the advantages of globalization by integrating the resources. Fully integrate high-quality international resources to promote the transformation and upgrading of the textile industry. Optimize the mode of international technical and economic cooperation, and rationally introduce international high-quality raw materials, equipment, technology, etc. Strengthen the acquisition and merger of international brands. Enhance the value of the corporate brand system based on the integration of talents, channels, and management. Make full and reasonable use of international capital to establish a good ecosystem of mutual benefits.

Serve the globalized market by focusing on product supply. Enhance the value of foreign trade products and promote the innovative development of foreign trade. Accelerate the development of new forms and models of foreign trade such as cross-border e-commerce. Deeply cultivate traditional export markets and expand emerging markets. Give full play to the role of overseas exhibitions and increase the proportion of textile and apparel exports of independent brands. Promote the same international and domestic quality standards, certifications and accreditations in the textile industry, and promote the smooth circulation of textiles and apparel in both international and domestic markets with the same standards and quality.

With production capacity cooperation as the core, China's textile industry will aim to improve global production. Strive to build a global production network with China's textile industry system as the resource allocation center, and orderly coordinate the layout of domestic and foreign manufacturing capacity. Strengthen analysis and research about international production capacity cooperation, investment policies, and business environment, and accurately grasp the good opportunity for the textile industry to go global. Actively participate in the development of the "Belt and Road" Initiative, strengthen cooperation in the construction of industrial parks, and create landmark projects for international production capacity cooperation.

5. Promote the fashion development and brand building, which is the value of the textile industry

Promoting the fashion development and brand building of the textile and apparel industry is an important way to enhance the value and influence of the industry and stimulate cultural self-confidence and consciousness.

Improve cultural leadership. Carry out an in-depth research on Chinese excellent traditional culture and contemporary advanced global culture. China's textile industry aims to create a fashion ecology with Chinese characteristics, world influence, and characteristics of the times, enhancing industrial supply and enriching brand connotation. Strengthen the protection, inheritance and innovation of textile intangible cultural heritage. Accelerate the cultivation of brands with Chinese characteristics and independent brands.

Improve product innovation capabilities to support development. Strengthen the research on fashion trends, lifestyles and the application of new materials and technologies, and improve the product research and development system from fiber raw materials to end products. Intensify the development of smart wearable, green & health and composite functional products. Taking personalization and quality as the direction, brands should promote advanced customization.

Enhance digital driving capabilities and promote innovation. Respect the rights and interests of consumers and use data wisely. Drive design innovation with data analysis, and strengthen the application of information technology such as artificial intelligence in customer group analysis, trend research, product design, and marketing. Build brand image via the digital economy, establish a deep connection between brands and consumers through social media and e-commerce platforms.

Improved platform service capabilities can empower growth. Focus on masters, famous brands, and major events to cultivate independent brands. Promote the upgrading of industry exhibitions, fashion weeks, and design competitions in the direction of specialization and internationalization. Strengthen the promotion of independent brands with the help of public service platforms. Strengthen the research on the development and value evaluation of textile and apparel brands, and enrich the methodology of brand building.

6. Promote social responsibility and sustainable development, which is the future potential of the industry

Building ecological civilization is a national project of millennial significance. Establishing a green and low-carbon recycling system is an important path for the textile industry to practice the concept of green development and achieve the goal of emission peak and carbon neutrality.

Promote the low-carbon development of the textile industry. Speed up the research and development, demonstration and promotion of low-carbon technologies throughout the product life cycle. Energy-saving development is an important step in achieving low-carbon transition. Taking enterprises and industrial parks as the main body, promote the optimization and improvement of the energy structure. Strictly control the construction of high-energy-consuming and high-carbon emission projects. Encourage the implementation of energy efficiency projects and implement pilot demonstrations of intelligent energy management.

Promote the sustainable development of the textile industry. Attach great importance to the emission of emerging pollutants and toxic and harmful pollutants. Strengthen the substitution of toxic and harmful substances, and strictly control the use of chemicals such as dye additives. Improve the environmental infrastructure upgrading of textile industrial parks and the construction of supporting pipe networks, promote the integration and optimization of water systems in textile industrial parks and key enterprises, and make sure the full use of water resources. Build green factories, green industrial parks and green supply chain management enterprises to develop green textiles.

Promote the circular development of the textile industry. Promote green management of the entire product life cycle and the development of circular economy. Speed up the cyclical transformation and upgrading of textile industrial parks. Make breakthroughs in key technologies and processes for large-scale production of recycled polyester and waste textiles and garments. Establish a recycling network integrating online and offline way.

7. Optimize domestic layout and improve development coordination. This is the spatial layout of the textile industry

The coordinated development of industry and region is a powerful way to give play to comparative advantages and resource potential, and it is an inherent requirement for achieving more balanced development.

It is necessary to align the national and regional development strategies. Only by integrating into the overall regional layout can the textile industry better form synergy and linkage effects. For China's textile industry, it is necessary to actively connect with major regional strategies such as the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and the Yangtze Economic Belt, and promote regional integration through industrial integration. Adapt to the requirements of the development strategy of urban agglomerations, drive the nearby cities with core areas, and develop different industries based on regional characteristics. Central cities should focus on technological innovation, fashion creativity, and consumption leadership. Mature manufacturing areas should focus on advanced manufacturing and cultivate individual champions and leading enterprises.

Further improve the level of regional coordinated development. The transformation and upgrading of the textile industry should adapt to the differences in the development of the east, middle and west regions in China, and explore the most suitable goals and paths for each region. The southeast coastal areas should vigorously develop advanced manufacturing, high-end design, brand building, etc., building international R&D centers, design centers, brand centers and intelligent manufacturing demonstration bases. The central and western regions will undertake industrial transfer based on their resource advantages and expand the scale of local employment. Promote new-type urbanization and rural vitalization through industrial transfer.

Promote high-level industrial agglomeration. Industrial clusters are important support of China's textile industry. Every region should promote high-level, modern and intelligent industrial clusters and characteristic industrial towns. Discover and cultivate emerging industrial clusters, and promote close and coordinated development with mature regions.

8. Build a safety development system for the textile industry, which is the bottom line of the industry's safety

Under the new situation, security issues have become the core concern of the textile industry. It is necessary to integrate safety development throughout all areas and the entire process of industrial development, and firmly grasp the initiative of development.

Ensure the security of the industrial chain and supply chain. Focus on technologies and raw materials to solve fundamental and strategic safety issues in the industry chain. Strengthen the technical research on weak sectors and bottlenecks, and gradually realize the independent control of specific varieties of high-performance fibers, high-functional composite materials and textile products, and basic textile equipment. Pay attention to risk prevention, ensure the safety of raw material supply, and support the moderate integration of coal chemical and chemical fiber industries in the central and western regions with coal resources.

Scientifically guide the global industrial layout. Balance the relationship between safety and development, and guide the open cooperation and diversified layout of the textile industry chain and supply chain. Correctly handle the relationship between domestic development and international transfer, so as to meet the basic needs of residents and emergency supplies.

Establish an industrial safety early warning system. Strengthen analysis and research to improve the ability to identify and early warning of environmental risks.